Every country’s agriculture, national economy, ecosystem, cultural and social life is effected by the availability of the water in that country. There are countries like Colombia (3240 mm / year), Papua New Guinea, Panama, and Malaysia which receive the highest annual rainfall whereas there are countries which do not receive much rainfall. There are several causes like less rainfall, dry season, El Nino effect, human activities which lead to severe drought. The most prolonged drought ever in the world in recorded history occurred in the Atacama Desert in Chile (400 years). In this article we are going to discuss about the top 10 drought prone countries in the world.
Top 10 Drought Prone Countries in the World
Morocco: Morocco is listed at number 10 in our top 10 drought affected countries. About 70 % of the county’s arable land is affected by drought. The country’s economic growth is totally threatened by drought. The government is taking some useful steps to combat the worst drought for a decade.
Iran: Approximately, 73 % of the country has arid and semi-arid climate. This country is subjected to repeated drought episodes. Government is providing in-water pumps and water purification systems to the affected areas.
India: Most of the states like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh are affected by the drought situation due the whimsical rainfall of Monsoon. More than 130 million people are at risk. Administration is trying to combat with the situation.
China: China is facing severe drought events in the recent years. Southwest and Northern China is mostly affected by drought. In northern Shanxi province, nearly 3 million people are affected by less water.
Afghanistan: It is one of the most barren and driest countries of the world. The rain-fed crops in the six provinces Herat, Jawzjan, Balkh, Badghis, Faryab and Sar-e-Pul get totally affected due to drought.
Uganda: Most parts of this country have hot and dry weather throughout the year. About 550,000 people face food insecurity, hoardings and small harvests throughout the year. Authorities are taking crucial actions for the betterment of the economy.
Sudan: About 2.8 million people get affected by severe drought every year. The southern Sudan faces the worst effects of drought. Infertility and food insecurity are some major problems of this country’s economy.
Somalia: It is situated in the Horn of Africa and lies along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. This country faced consecutive poor harvest and food insecurity during the last years and more than 1 million people including 300,000 children under 5 years are affected.
Eritrea: This country is at the 2nd worst condition as it is characterized by severe war, food shortage and poverty all around. This country experiences some of the biggest droughts and about 1.3 million people are at alarming risk due to war and drought.
Ethiopia: The worst condition of drought is seen in this country. The current drought is the worst the country has seen in last 50 years. According to UNICEF about 1.4 million children under 5 years are at risk and about 10.2 million people need immediate food aid.
The global climate is changing in an alarming rate which is triggering the incidence of droughts and substantial effects of it. Drought has environmental, social and economic consequences which lead to increasing pollution, water surface lowering, biodiversity loss, economic losses due to decreasing rate agriculture and many more. The above listed countries face the worst situation caused by the drought and the civilizations of these countries are at major stake.